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Accueil > Annuaire du LHyGeS

BELFORT Benjamin

publié le , mis à jour le

Maître de Conférence - UdS

Contact :
Address : 1 Rue Blessig - 67084 Strasbourg Cedex
(office n° 127)
Phone : +33 (0)3 68 85 03 86
Mob : 06 44 10 52 32

Research team : l’équipe TrHyCo.

Research activites


My research work focuses on the modelling of mass transfers in heterogeneous and variably saturated porous media.
Different complementary axes are investigated :
- the development and optimization of numerical methods.
problems of equivalent parameters, time step management,...
- the development of laboratory or field experiments (in the context of OHGE, for example).
- the validation of calculation codes, direct and inverse estimation, on real and synthetic test cases.

Ongoing research

- Work on a laboratory tank (H:120cm x L:180cm x e:4cm) : imbibition drainage experiments, artificial rainfall simulations. Development of a photographic measurement technique.
- Work on the DCM degradation : instrumentation and monitoring of 2 laboratory aquifers in variably saturated conditions with groundwater beating (H:80cm x L:160cm x e:8cm).
- Instrumentation and monitoring of site in OHGE catchment (University funding) :
A portion of the Strengbach watershed was equipped with TDR probes (Campbell CS616), pressure sensors (Campbell 257) and temperature probes (Campbell 107) at different depths on a vertical profile. A Campbell CR1000 data-logger was installed and programmed to collect the measurements.
In parrallel, laboratory work for probe calibration and soil characterization was done as well as parameter estimation by reverse approaches. An infiltrometry experiment is also planned in connection with the CAPROZOVA project described below. This work is also part of the ANR Hydrocrizsto.
- CAPROZOVA project : characterization of vadose zone processes in different types of soils : from monitoring artificial experiments in a controlled environment to understanding phenomena in a natural environment. One of the objectives of this project is to effectively combine different techniques for measuring water content in the subsurface, including the TDR-type "intrusive" sensor approach and a geophysical approach.

- Modelling part :
The objective is to develop model that take into account different processes : evapotranspiration, infiltration, interception, runoff, etc.
The problem of parameter estimation is also integrated to improve modeling results.
As part of Behshad KOOHBOR’s thesis (directed by Marwan FAHS and of which I am co-supervisor), modelling work on density flow in fractured aquifers.


Koohbor B., Fahs M., Hoteit H., Doummar J., Younes A., Belfort B. 2020. An advanced discrete fracture model for variably saturated flow in fractured porous media. Advances in Water Resources. 140. 103602.

Belfort B., Weill S., Fahs M., Lehmann F. : 2019. Laboratory Experiments of Drainage, Imbibition and Infiltration under Artificial Rainfall Characterized by Image Analysis Method and Numerical Simulations. Water, 11(11) : 2232 ;

Koohbor B., Fahs M., Ataie-Ashtiani B., Belfort B., Simmons C.T., Younes A. : 2019. Uncertainty analysis for seawater intrusion in fractured coastal aquifers : Effects of fracture location, aperture, density and hydrodynamic parameters. Journal of Hydrology, 571:159-177.

Fahs M., Koohbor B., Belfort B., Ataie-Ashtiani B., Simmons C. T., Younes Anis, Ackerer P. : 2018. A generalized semi-analytical solution for the dispersive henry problem : effect of stratification and anisotropy on seawater intrusion. Water, 10 (2) : 230.

Belfort B., Toloni I., Ackerer P., Cotel S., Viville D., Lehmann F. : 2018. Vadose Zone Modeling in a Small Forested Catchment : Impact of Water Pressure Head Sampling Frequency on 1D-Model Calibration. Geosciences, 8(2):72.

Belfort B., Weill S., Lehmann F. : 2017. Image analysis method for the measurement of water saturation in a two-dimensional experimental flow tank. Journal of Hydrology, 550, 343-354.

Mara T.A., Belfort B., Fontaine V., Younes A. : 2017. Addressing factors fixing setting from given data : A comparison of different methods. Environmental Modelling & Software, 87, 29-38.

Belfort B., Younes A., Fahs M., Lehmann F. : 2013. On equivalent hydraulic conductivity for oscillation–free solutions of Richard’s equation. Journal of Hydrology, 505, 202–217.

Younes A., Fahs M., Belfort B. : 2013. Monotonicity of the cell-centred triangular MPFA method for saturated and unsaturated flow in heterogeneous porous media. Journal of Hydrology, 504, 132-141.

Younes A., Mara T.A., Fajraoui N., Lehmann F., Belfort B., Beydoun H. : 2013. Use of Global Sensitivity Analysis to Help Assess Unsaturated Soil Hydraulic Parameters. Vadose Zone Journal, 12, vzj2011.0150.

Delay F., Ackerer P., Belfort B., Guadagnini A. : 2012. On the emergence of reciprocity gaps during interference pumping tests in unconfined aquifers. Advances in Water Resources, 46, 11-19.

Belfort B., Ramasomanana F., Younes A., Lehmann F. : 2009. An efficient Lumped Mixed Hybrid Finite Element formulation for variably saturated groundwater flow. Vadose Zone Journal, 8, 352-362. DOI : 10.2136/vzj2008.0108.

Belfort B, Carrayrou J, Lehmann F. 2007. Implementation of Richardson extrapolation in an efficient adaptive time stepping method : applications to reactive transport and unsaturated flow in porous media. Transport in Porous Media, 69(1)123-138.

Belfort B. & F. Lehmann. 2005. Comparison of Equivalent Conductivities for Numerical Simulation of One-Dimensional Unsaturated Flow.Vadose Zone Journal, 4(4)1191–1200.

Teatching activities

I do my teachings at the IUT Louis Pasteur (Schiltigheim) in the Industrial Engineering and Maintenance department (DUT GIM) and in the Advanced Maintenance Techniques Professional Licence (LP TAM).
My teachings are about :
- operational safety ;
- the organization of maintenance methods ;
- advanced maintenance techniques : oil analysis, I.R. thermography, vibration analysis, etc.

Collective responsibilities

I was elected in January 2017, representing researchers/teacher-researchers on the LHyGeS Laboratory Council.
Since October 2012, I have been elected to the Board of Directors of the IUT Schiltigheim as an assitant professor.
Since 2009 and until september 2020, I took the head of the TAM professional degree at the IUT Schiltigheim. This training is given in alternation to 24 students.
I am also in charge of the follow-up of several apprentices as an IUT tutor.

Voir en ligne : Bibliographie / Publications